Original Article
Pak J Nucl Med. 2018; 8(1): 8-17

Radiation exposure and patient organ dose measurement from 18F-FDG in a PET/CT facility

Authors: Mehmet Erdoğan, Ümit Kara.

View PDF DOI: 10.24911/PJNMed.175-1545566656

Abstract

Background: 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) is a radiopharmaceutical (radioactive tracer), generally used in the medical indicator on positron emission tomography/computerized tomography (PET/CT). PET/CT is an essential device for patients’ diagnosis and their responses to treatment; it uses radioactive tracers for diagnosis. PET/CT is used with a special detector and worked with a computer to evaluate the sick organ and the functions of the tissues. PET/CT scanning is a special type of nuclear medicine indicator, highly used in clinics. In this study, we aimed to measure the level of radiation and its effectiveness in mentioned organs in PET/ CT devices. In the basis of this study, we want to reveal the level of radiation in different age range of patient’s absorbed organ 18F-FDG. Methods: The absorbed organ’s radiation level and the affected organ’s radiation level were calculated in accordance with Monte Carlo (MC) methods. Results: The results for the patient’s target organs in the used phantoms showed variations in age stages when compared with those determined by the MC simulation. These variances result from the structural anatomical differences in the age studied and in significant changes in the relation to their activity rate. Conclusion: The medical radiation which is exposed from PET/CT studies should be important in all the patients groups, furthermore, is more considerable in pediatric and adolescence patients. The As Low As Reasonably Achievable principle must be implemented in either by reducing the radiation dose on PET/CT or by considering alternative diagnostic imaging unit or device should be used.

Keywords:   Positron emission tomography/computerized tomography (PET/CT), florodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG), radiation protection.


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Radiation exposure and patient organ dose measurement from 18F-FDG in a PET/CT facility


Authors
Mehmet Erdoğan
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Suleyman Demirel University School of Medicine, Isparta, Turkey
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Ümit Kara
Vocational School of Health Services, Department of Medical Imaging, Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey
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Correspondence to:
. Mehmet Erdogan, Suleyman Demirel University, Faculty of Medicine, Nuclear Medicine Dept., Isparta, Turkey; mdr_erdogan@yahoo.com

Publication history
Received 24 Dec 2018
Revised 13 Mar 2019
Accepted 23 Apr 2019
Published online 10 Sep 2019
Published in print 10 Dec 2019
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How to cite this article

Pubmed Style

Erdogan M, Kara U, . Radiation exposure and patient organ dose measurement from 18F-FDG in a PET/CT facility. Pak J Nucl Med. 2018; 8(1): 8-17. doi:10.24911/PJNMed.175-1545566656


Web Style

Erdogan M, Kara U, . Radiation exposure and patient organ dose measurement from 18F-FDG in a PET/CT facility. http://www.pjnmed.com/?mno=22871 [Access: April 08, 2020]. doi:10.24911/PJNMed.175-1545566656


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Erdogan M, Kara U, . Radiation exposure and patient organ dose measurement from 18F-FDG in a PET/CT facility. Pak J Nucl Med. 2018; 8(1): 8-17. doi:10.24911/PJNMed.175-1545566656


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Erdogan M, Kara U, . Radiation exposure and patient organ dose measurement from 18F-FDG in a PET/CT facility. Pak J Nucl Med. (2018), [cited April 08, 2020]; 8(1): 8-17. doi:10.24911/PJNMed.175-1545566656


Harvard Style

Erdogan, M., Kara, . U. & (2018) Radiation exposure and patient organ dose measurement from 18F-FDG in a PET/CT facility. Pak J Nucl Med, 8 (1), 8-17. doi:10.24911/PJNMed.175-1545566656


Turabian Style

Erdogan, Mehmet, Umit Kara, and . 2018. Radiation exposure and patient organ dose measurement from 18F-FDG in a PET/CT facility. Pakistan Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 8 (1), 8-17. doi:10.24911/PJNMed.175-1545566656


Chicago Style

Erdogan, Mehmet, Umit Kara, and . "Radiation exposure and patient organ dose measurement from 18F-FDG in a PET/CT facility." Pakistan Journal of Nuclear Medicine 8 (2018), 8-17. doi:10.24911/PJNMed.175-1545566656


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Erdogan, Mehmet, Umit Kara, and . "Radiation exposure and patient organ dose measurement from 18F-FDG in a PET/CT facility." Pakistan Journal of Nuclear Medicine 8.1 (2018), 8-17. Print. doi:10.24911/PJNMed.175-1545566656


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Erdogan, M., Kara, . U. & (2018) Radiation exposure and patient organ dose measurement from 18F-FDG in a PET/CT facility. Pakistan Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 8 (1), 8-17. doi:10.24911/PJNMed.175-1545566656


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