;
Original Article
Pak J Nucl Med. 2020; 10(1): 20-26

Nutritional status of iodine in schoolchildren of Islamabad, Pakistan: a comparison with the WHO references

Authors: Muhammad Sohaib, Sumaira Naz, Muhammad Rafi, Muhammad Mansha Chaudhry, Naseem Irfan, Muhammad Tufail.

View PDF HTML FullText DOI: 10.24911/PJNMed.175-1577184641

Abstract

Background: The northern Himalayan section of Pakistan has a historical significance of iodine deficiency. The capital territory of Islamabad is in a plateau of these mountains which may be iodine deficient despite the rest of the country has improved to the optimal status of iodine in schoolchildren. We conducted this study to evaluate the iodine status in schoolchildren of Islamabad and adjacent areas by measuring urinary iodine concentrations (UIC) and thyroid volumes. Methods: Schoolchildren of the age group from 9 to 12 years (n = 264) belonging to both the rural and urban areas of the region were included in this study. UIC was measured in urine samples by SandellĖKolthoff kinetic method, and the thyroid volumes were determined by ultrasonography. A dietary history in iodine intake was recorded, and the samples of the household salt from 51 houses were also assessed for iodine content. Results: The median of UIC was below the standard values in both boys and girls. The 97th and 50th percentiles of thyroid volumes of our population at various points of age and body surface area were significantly higher than the reference values. Dietary intake of iodine-rich food was not sufficient, and the iodine content in table salt was lower than the required value. Conclusions: This study revealed that schoolchildren in the capital territory of Islamabad are iodine deficient. The iodine status in this region is consistent with other northern areas of Pakistan.

Keywords:   Urinary iodine, iodine deficiency, thyroid volume, iodized salt, schoolchildren, Islamabad


Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any part or all of this article please contact the copyright holder, contact@pjnmed.com.

Copyright © 2020 Discover STM Publishing. All Rights Reserved.

Nutritional status of iodine in schoolchildren of Islamabad, Pakistan: a comparison with the WHO references


Authors
Muhammad Sohaib
Nuclear Medicine & Oncology Division, PAEC HQ, Islamabad, Pakistan
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sumaira Naz
Department of Nuclear Engineering, Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Muhammad Rafi
Department of Physics and Applied Mathematics, Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Muhammad Mansha Chaudhry
Department of Chemical and Material Engineering, Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Naseem Irfan
Department of Physics and Applied Mathematics, Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Muhammad Tufail
Department of Physics and Applied Mathematics, Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Muhammad Sohaib, Nuclear Medicine & Oncology Division, PAEC HQ, Islamabad, Pakistan.; drsohaib@yahoo.com

Publication history
Received 26 Dec 2019
Revised 10 Mar 2020
Accepted 21 Apr 2020
Published online 12 Jun 2020
Published in print 11 Sep 2020
Export to EndNote Export to refMan

How to cite this article

Pubmed Style

Sohaib M, Naz S, Rafi M, Chaudhry MM, Irfan N, Tufail M. Nutritional status of iodine in schoolchildren of Islamabad, Pakistan: a comparison with the WHO references. Pak J Nucl Med. 2020; 10(1): 20-26. doi:10.24911/PJNMed.175-1577184641


Web Style

Sohaib M, Naz S, Rafi M, Chaudhry MM, Irfan N, Tufail M. Nutritional status of iodine in schoolchildren of Islamabad, Pakistan: a comparison with the WHO references. http://www.pjnmed.com/?mno=79236 [Access: August 02, 2021]. doi:10.24911/PJNMed.175-1577184641


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sohaib M, Naz S, Rafi M, Chaudhry MM, Irfan N, Tufail M. Nutritional status of iodine in schoolchildren of Islamabad, Pakistan: a comparison with the WHO references. Pak J Nucl Med. 2020; 10(1): 20-26. doi:10.24911/PJNMed.175-1577184641


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sohaib M, Naz S, Rafi M, Chaudhry MM, Irfan N, Tufail M. Nutritional status of iodine in schoolchildren of Islamabad, Pakistan: a comparison with the WHO references. Pak J Nucl Med. (2020), [cited August 02, 2021]; 10(1): 20-26. doi:10.24911/PJNMed.175-1577184641


Harvard Style

Sohaib, M., Naz, . S., Rafi, . M., Chaudhry, . M. M., Irfan, . N. & Tufail, . M. (2020) Nutritional status of iodine in schoolchildren of Islamabad, Pakistan: a comparison with the WHO references. Pak J Nucl Med, 10 (1), 20-26. doi:10.24911/PJNMed.175-1577184641


Turabian Style

Sohaib, Muhammad, Sumaira Naz, Muhammad Rafi, Muhammad Mansha Chaudhry, Naseem Irfan, and Muhammad Tufail. 2020. Nutritional status of iodine in schoolchildren of Islamabad, Pakistan: a comparison with the WHO references. Pakistan Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 10 (1), 20-26. doi:10.24911/PJNMed.175-1577184641


Chicago Style

Sohaib, Muhammad, Sumaira Naz, Muhammad Rafi, Muhammad Mansha Chaudhry, Naseem Irfan, and Muhammad Tufail. "Nutritional status of iodine in schoolchildren of Islamabad, Pakistan: a comparison with the WHO references." Pakistan Journal of Nuclear Medicine 10 (2020), 20-26. doi:10.24911/PJNMed.175-1577184641


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sohaib, Muhammad, Sumaira Naz, Muhammad Rafi, Muhammad Mansha Chaudhry, Naseem Irfan, and Muhammad Tufail. "Nutritional status of iodine in schoolchildren of Islamabad, Pakistan: a comparison with the WHO references." Pakistan Journal of Nuclear Medicine 10.1 (2020), 20-26. Print. doi:10.24911/PJNMed.175-1577184641


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sohaib, M., Naz, . S., Rafi, . M., Chaudhry, . M. M., Irfan, . N. & Tufail, . M. (2020) Nutritional status of iodine in schoolchildren of Islamabad, Pakistan: a comparison with the WHO references. Pakistan Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 10 (1), 20-26. doi:10.24911/PJNMed.175-1577184641


Click the icon of the social media platform on which you would like to share this article.